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# 吴恩达深度学习编程练习–Improving Deep Neural Networks第一周编程练习Initialization

7年前 (2017-10-20) 7626次浏览

## 2 – Zero initialization

```# GRADED FUNCTION: initialize_parameters_zeros
def initialize_parameters_zeros(layers_dims):
"""
Arguments:
layer_dims -- python array (list) containing the size of each layer.
Returns:
parameters -- python dictionary containing your parameters "W1", "b1", ..., "WL", "bL":
W1 -- weight matrix of shape (layers_dims[1], layers_dims[0])
b1 -- bias vector of shape (layers_dims[1], 1)
...
WL -- weight matrix of shape (layers_dims[L], layers_dims[L-1])
bL -- bias vector of shape (layers_dims[L], 1)
"""
parameters = {}
L = len(layers_dims)            # number of layers in the network

for l in range(1, L):
### START CODE HERE ### (≈ 2 lines of code)
parameters['W' + str(l)] = np.zeros((layers_dims[l], layers_dims[l-1]))
parameters['b' + str(l)] = np.zeros((layers_dims[l], 1))
### END CODE HERE ###
return parameters```

## 3 – Random initialization

```# GRADED FUNCTION: initialize_parameters_random
def initialize_parameters_random(layers_dims):
"""
Arguments:
layer_dims -- python array (list) containing the size of each layer.
Returns:
parameters -- python dictionary containing your parameters "W1", "b1", ..., "WL", "bL":
W1 -- weight matrix of shape (layers_dims[1], layers_dims[0])
b1 -- bias vector of shape (layers_dims[1], 1)
...
WL -- weight matrix of shape (layers_dims[L], layers_dims[L-1])
bL -- bias vector of shape (layers_dims[L], 1)
"""
np.random.seed(3)               # This seed makes sure your "random" numbers will be the as ours
parameters = {}
L = len(layers_dims)            # integer representing the number of layers
for l in range(1, L):
### START CODE HERE ### (≈ 2 lines of code)
parameters['W' + str(l)] = np.random.randn(layers_dims[l], layers_dims[l-1]) * 10
parameters['b' + str(l)] = np.zeros((layers_dims[l], 1))
### END CODE HERE ###
return parameters```

## 4 – He initialization

```# GRADED FUNCTION: initialize_parameters_he
def initialize_parameters_he(layers_dims):
"""
Arguments:
layer_dims -- python array (list) containing the size of each layer.
Returns:
parameters -- python dictionary containing your parameters "W1", "b1", ..., "WL", "bL":
W1 -- weight matrix of shape (layers_dims[1], layers_dims[0])
b1 -- bias vector of shape (layers_dims[1], 1)
...
WL -- weight matrix of shape (layers_dims[L], layers_dims[L-1])
bL -- bias vector of shape (layers_dims[L], 1)
"""
np.random.seed(3)
parameters = {}
L = len(layers_dims) - 1 # integer representing the number of layers
for l in range(1, L + 1):
### START CODE HERE ### (≈ 2 lines of code)
parameters['W' + str(l)] = np.random.randn(layers_dims[l], layers_dims[l-1]) * np.sqrt(2./layers_dims[l-1])
parameters['b' + str(l)] = np.zeros((layers_dims[l], 1))
### END CODE HERE ###

return parameters```

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